Centralized Purchasing – Good Or Bad?
Centralized purchasing is the control by one headquarters department of
all purchasing that is undertaken by a business. This allows for
central management and volume purchases that lead to better prices and
terms as well as the ability to work with larger suppliers.
This central control enables more efficient inventory
control, lower staffing costs and a decrease in overheads. Staff also
benefit with better training and support and the ability to build
better relationships with suppliers.
While this may seem obvious, many large
companies either have grown quickly and organically or have grown via
mergers and acquisitions. This means that they often have several
separate purchasing departments that are each responsible for
purchasing a group of products.
Advantages of centralized purchasing:
- Allows for fewer overheads.
- Duplication of staff efforts and resulting costs are negated and all activities are standardized.
- Many staff no longer have to spend time on low level ad hoc purchasing.
- Volume purchasing means that better prices, greater discounts and more agreeable terms can be obtained.
- Volume deliveries cut down on delivery charges and staffing costs to move and store the goods.
- Computerized systems can be used to automate much of the work as
well as integrate the purchasing systems with accounting and stock
- Centralized records can be kept of all purchases.
- Staff can be trained in purchasing and how to minimize costs.
- Suppliers know where and whom to contact which makes supplier contact much easier.
- Purchasing staff can build good relationships with the buyers that
enable the supplier to understand the business need and suggest other
products that may be more suitable and cost effective.
- It allows for better control of inventories so that they can be kept at optimum levels.
Disadvantages of centralized purchasing:
- Purchase requisitions for ad hoc goods have to be sent from other
areas to the purchasing department causing delays and some irritations.
- If the company is very geographically diverse, it may not be able to take advantage of local discounts.
- The centralized purchasing department may become too large and complex to manage.
- Conversely, with a small company it may not be cost effective to
have staff and a computer system that only deals with purchasing.
As you can see if you are a large company that is not
too geographically dispersed the advantages of a centralized purchasing
department far outweigh the disadvantages.
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